Concussions in England's professional rugby union
By Aidan Berry
December 7 2017

I thought I’d post this up so we are all a bit more aware of the dangers to our players both in training and during the games   Concussion can occur where an individual experiences a minor injury to the head. Commonly occurring in high contact sporting activities; American football, boxing, and rugby. It doesn't have to be something to strike you in the proximity of your brain, but can also be caused by rapid change of movement, giving the skull not enough time to move with your body, causing your brain to press against your skull.
With rugby being such a contact and fast moving sport, it is no wonder why there is concussion and other head injuries occurring. With the development of equipment and training methods, these will help benefit the players on the field know what could happen and how they can help with preventing it.
Signs of Concussion
Some of the effects that concussion can cause to an individuals can vary, depending on the circumstances and the severity of the impact. The common signs of concussion can be; blank look, slow to get up off of the ground, unsteady on their feet, grabbing their head, confused in where they are or what they are doing, and obviously if they are unconscious. These are the things that a spectator, coach and medical assistant will notice in a player. Sometimes concussion can go unrecognised, so from a players point there can be these symptoms; continual headaches, dizziness, visual problems, feeling of fatigue and drowsiness.  These all can occur post game, so a player needs to have knowledge of what these signs could mean.
Controlling concussions
To minimise the risks of concussion use the method of the 6 R's.
Firstly Recognising and Removing a suspected player of concussion, to stop the injury from getting worse.
Secondly Refer, whether the player is either recognised or suspected with concussion they must see a medical doctor as soon as possible.
If the player is diagnosed with concussion, they then must Rest, until all signs of concussion are gone.
The player must then Recover by just returning to general activities in life, then progressing back to playing.
Returning to play, must follow the Graduated Return to Play protocol, by having clearance from a medical professional, and no symptoms of concussion.
Despite good knowledge of concussion complications information regarding symptoms and management should be available to all players, coaches, and parents. On-going education is needed